Info on Livigno
Surface area: 227 km2
Altitude: 1816 m
Inhabitants: 6292 [2014-05-31]
Livigno, in the province of Sondrio, is the northernmost municipality of Lombardy, moreover it is a duty-free area that is part of the Alta Valtellina Mountain Community. The town is located at 1800 m altitude at the foot of the Alps of Livigno.
The first historical elements of residents stable in the territory, are found around 1300 when they get from neighboring Grisons the permission to sell on the markets of the latter, local agricultural products. Between 1600 and 1700, at different times, the inhabitants of Livigno succeeded in obtaining different forms of concessions and autonomous deeds, especially on trade in goods exempt from duties. Towards the end of the 1700s, the Austrian Empire officially recognized the autonomy and the exemptions of the Community of Livigno, which were reconfirmed both by the Napoleonic Command of Morbegno in 1805 and again by the Austrian Empire in 1818. From this date began the political activity of the Public Administration of Livigno to protect its franchises and its import and export quotas. During the era of the Counter-Reformation, Livigno found itself at the center of a dispute between the Protestant Grisons and Bormio, guarded by the Jesuits. After 1968, following the construction of the Gallo basin, the road to the northern markets was opened through the Munt La Schera Tunnel, which started the tourist development of the locality.
Economically speaking, Livigno enjoys the status of a duty-free zone and is therefore exempt from certain taxes such as VAT. This has allowed the development of a "commercial tourism" that is a significant transfer of people who move basically to buy at more favorable prices, in fact there are many shops in the area. The local craftsmanship is focused on the production of the typical carpet called the Valtellina pezzotto, characterized by a great vivacity and variety of colors; Pewter processing is also very common for the production of many objects. A very important item for the local economy, is certainly tourism, especially winter because of the snow and the well-equipped ski slopes; tourist facilities and services are excellent.
The culinary tradition of Livigno is based on the use of a few simple products, but genuine and expertly combined. Some of the most famous dishes are: pizzoccheri, pappardelle with hand-made mushrooms, wood-fired polenta, venison saddle and venison salmì, borsat and pòtol. Bresaola with pears and rice from Valtellina are also very popular. The desserts are excellent; among the most famous we have: the walnut cake, the panna cotta and the pànon.
Livigno has several traditional events such as the Ghibinèt, the Carnàl and the Marchè di venciun or a closing party of the agricultural year; in addition there are several Fairs of Goods and Livestock and the Exhibition of Young Cattle. The Art in Ice event is also very awaited, where artists from all over the world gather in this area, the Free Heel Fest or the international telemark festival, and the Stralivigno: an important sporting event. Book presentations and musical events are on the agenda.