Info on Valencia
Surface area: 134 km2
Altitude: 16 m
Valencia, the capital of the Valencian Community, overlooks the Mediterranean Sea at the mouth of the Turia river, facing the Balearic Islands. Spain's third largest city with almost 800,000 inhabitants, Valencia is almost equidistant from the two main Spanish centers, Madrid and Barcelona.
Mediterranean, warm but not excessive as one might have in Andalusia. The climate in Valencia is the classic representation of the temperatures of the Mediterranean basin. In January, the temperature in Valencia goes from 7 degrees minimum to 16 maximum; in the month of August, the hottest, the minimum temperatures are 21.4 degrees and the maximums of 29.1 degrees.
The climate in Valencia is rather dry, with rainfall that does not exceed 500mm per year, concentrated especially in the summer months. The wettest month is October, the driest is July, when rainfall is almost absent.
History of Valencia
Valentia Edetanorum, this is the original name of Valencia, was founded by the Romans in 186 BC. from the consul Decimo Giunio Bruto Callaico, along the right bank of the Turia river, where an ancient Iberian settlement once stood.
In 75 BC the city was destroyed during the war between Pompeo and Sertorio, and the abandoned site for at least fifty years. In the middle of the first century AD the city flourished again, with the arrival of new inhabitants from nearby areas, urban expansion and the construction of large public works. Conquered by the Visigoths first and then by the Arabs, the Muslim domination lasted about three centuries, and then finally stopped in the thirteenth century.
Enlarged during the Catholic era and the Aragonese dominion, the city was at the center of many periods of political conflict, such as the Spanish Succession War of the eighteenth century or the Spanish Civil War, which saw it as capital of the ephemeral Spanish Republic. Today the city is at the center of major projects that make it a tourist destination of the highest order throughout Spain.
Holidays in Valencia
Among the celebrations in Valencia, the Semana Santa Marinera is very famous: a series of events held during Holy Week and so called because they originate from the maritime districts. It is a party between religious customs and popular traditions.
Another event of a certain weight is Las Canestoles, the famous Carnival held in February. In March there is the Las Fallas de San Jose Festival, which lasts a week and ends with a suggestive nocturnal procession of allegorical floats in the historic center of Valencia and with the famous fires.
Eat in Valencia
Famous throughout the world, the protagonist of eating in Valencia is definitely the paella, dish of rice, meat and fish whose thousand variations represent the cultural richness of Spain.
The recipe of paella valenciana, contrary to what is thought, does not include fish but only minced meat and snails, as well as vegetables, tomatoes, beans and various spices.
Among the typical dishes of Valencia we find aioli (garlic, oil and lemon), arroz con costra (rice, sausage and egg), picada sauce and, among desserts, the ubiquitous fartón, small pasta salamis with milk and butter that go with all'horchata, a drink obtained from the pressing of fruits present only in the Valencia area.